MORE Gym Slang
(Part 2 of 2)
Starting a workout program is tough enough, you shouldn't have to struggle with figuring out what people are saying. In an update to my Gym Slang article last year, here are a few MORE common acronyms people use when working out.
AMRAP means As Many Reps As Possible. You set a timer, then complete a series of exercises as many times as you can, before the timer runs out. Proper form is still required. Completing the series perfectly five times is far better than completing it ten times with bad form.
BMI stands for Body Mass Index. It's a formula that calculates the weight-to-height ratio and is a measure of general fitness and health. The goal is to have the ratio, or Body Mass Index between 20 and 25.
BMR refers to your Basal Metabolic Rate. When you wake up in the morning, your body is already burning calories. Just laying in bed burns calories to regulate your body temperature, keep your heart beating and your lungs filled with oxygen. All those things your body does daily are combined into a single number, your Basal Metabolic Rate.
CNS is your Central Nervous System, made up of your brain and spinal cord. To get a more effective workout in, your body must be ready to perform. Intense cardio and other explosive movements are often used to turn on or “ignite” your Central Nervous System before starting a weight lifting routine.
DOMS is shorthand for Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness. It's the result of microscopic tearing of the muscle fibers. Your body rushes immune cells in to repair the damage (mostly cells called macrophages and neutrophils). These immune cells produce bradykinins and prostaglandins, which make pain receptors in your body more sensitive and mediate the inflammatory response. Since the levels of the immune cells reach their peak 24 to 48 hours after exercise, that's when you'll feel the pain (DOMS) the most.
DNF typically means Did Not Finish and appears beside a name after a race. You might have started with the best of intentions, but you just might not be able to finish due to a sprained ankle, overheating or simple fatigue. DNF is how race directors mark it on the results sheet.
EPOC or Excess Post-Exercise Oxygen Consumption is a calorie-burning bonus after a strenuous workout. When you workout particularly hard, your body continues burning calories as you cool down. The more strenuous your workout is, the greater the EPOC is when you're done. It's also sometimes referred to as After Burn.
LATT means Lactic Acid Threshold Training. During a workout, if you experience a burning feeling, that happens when lactic acid rises sharply in the blood. A LATT workout pushes you to perform each exercise until that burning feeling causes you to stop.
LISS stands for Low-Intensity Steady State. It's the way people used to do cardio before they realized the benefits of higher intensity intervals. You keep your heart rate in the lower level of the aerobic range and avoid pushing your body too hard. It's good when you're exercising for longer periods of time doing things like yoga, walking or hiking. It can also be appropriate for people recovering from injury or beginners.
MMC is the Mind-Muscle Connection. When you're working out, you get better results when you focus on the particular muscle you're moving. If you're distracted, you may not move in an appropriate way or push your muscle enough. By focusing on the task at hand and making a Mind-Muscle Connection, you boost the effectiveness of your exercises.
NEAT refers to Non-Exercise Activity Thermogenesis. Many people track their calories when doing cardio or working out. However, you burn calories constantly throughout the day doing things like shopping, cleaning or cooking. It's those non-exercise activities that make up NEAT. To figure out exactly how many TOTAL calories you burn every day, you combine NEAT, BMR and the calories you burn during exercise.
TDEE stands for Total Daily Energy Expenditure. It's the combination of calories you burn from NEAT, your BMR and the calories you burn during exercise.
WOD means Workout Of the Day. CrossFit gyms share a single workout, pushed out from the corporate office, for everyone worldwide. That daily program is known as the WOD.
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