Logical Fallacies are a failure in the argument that comes from a flaw in reasoning. Sometimes it's a trick or a misrepresentation of facts to hide the truth.
There are formal fallacies that happen within the way the argument is formed. The conclusion cannot be reached if you start with the premise. Examples include the bad reason fallacy, quantification fallacies, propositional fallacies and syllogistic fallacies.
And there are informal fallacies where the premises do not support the conclusion of an argument. There are lots of these, including the Ad Hominem, the appeal to nature, circular reasoning, proof by verbosity and 40 more.
Learn about all the different types of
logical fallacies at: logicalfallacies.org
The following videos are from Paul Henne - Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Lake Forest College. He researches causal and moral reasoning, the judgments associated with these reasoning processes, and the moral and political decisions that result from them. He is also the Associate Director of Wireless Philosophy.
What Makes a Valid Argument?
Correlation and Causation
Formal and Informal Fallacies
Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc
Fallacy of Division
Fallacy of Composition
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