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Climate Change

Factory spewing smoke into the air.

Climate change is both global warming and the large-scale shifts the world is experiencing in weather patterns. Unlike any other disasters we provide information on, climate change isn't a single thing that you can protect against. Rather, it makes many of the other things we talk about much worse.

If you are a climate change skeptic or don't believe it's happening at all, we're not going to try and change your mind. We're sharing the facts, as climate scientists worldwide have documented them, so you can prepare for what's coming. There is a description of what climate change is, how it's happening, and its effects on environments around the world. Use this information to see where you're at risk. Then take steps to protect your home, family, friends, job or business.

The Financial Toll of Climate Change

It's been challenging to put a finger on how much climate change has affected things until some recent studies.

Hurricane Sandy in 2012 caused damages in the area of about $60 billion. It hit at the perfect time and place to maximize the devastating effects of a storm surge. But to claim climate change caused any of that damage was difficult to pin down.

What researchers did was calculate how much sea level had increased due to global warming. They documented a clear increase of 8.9 centimeters. Then they calculated what damages WOULD have occurred if the sea levels were 8.9 centimeters lower when the storm hit.

It took a giant computer and a massive amount of calculations. In the end, they discovered that about 13% of hurricane Sandy damage wouldn't have happened if the sea levels hadn't risen. That's approximately $8.1 billion in damages that can be considered a direct result of climate change. That was in 2012, and the oceans are still rising.

You can see the study here: Economic damages from Hurricane Sandy attributable to sea level rise caused by anthropogenic climate change https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-021-22838-1

In another study, researchers looked at heat deaths in 732 cities around the world from 1991 to 2018. Those researchers calculated more than one-third, or 9,700 people a year died, just in the cities they studied because of human-caused climate change. Meanwhile, almost every year is hotter than the last.

You can see an abstract of the study here: The burden of heat-related mortality attributable to recent human-induced climate change
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-021-01058-x


The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change. They have stated: "Human influence on the climate system is clear, and recent anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases are the highest in history. Recent climate changes have had widespread impacts on human and natural systems."

The last comprehensive IPCC report was released in 2015 and the new report is scheduled for release in October of 2022. There have been hundreds of studies verifying the results of the IPCC reports over the years. You can download the 2015 report at the link below. Please read the report in full (it's only 167 pages) before making any comments on anything related to climate change.

IPCC Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report

The Greenhouse Effect
The Greenhouse Effect

Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Land Degradation
Land Degradation

Sea Level Rise
Sea level Rise


The Effects of Climate Change on Plants and Animals

Nature is declining globally at rates unprecedented in human history — and the rate of species extinctions is accelerating, with grave impacts on people around the world now likely, warns a landmark new report from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), the summary of which was approved at the 7th session of the IPBES Plenary, meeting last week (29 April – 4 May) in Paris.

“The overwhelming evidence of the IPBES Global Assessment, from a wide range of different fields of knowledge, presents an ominous picture,” said IPBES Chair, Sir Robert Watson. “The health of ecosystems on which we and all other species depend is deteriorating more rapidly than ever. We are eroding the very foundations of our economies, livelihoods, food security, health and quality of life worldwide.”

Click Here to read the report: Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES


Earth's Cryosphere is Shrinking by 33,000 Square Miles Every Year

The cryosphere is all the area with frozen water on earth. Researchers tracked the average coverage of the cryosphere from 1979 through 2016. They discovered that the cryosphere SHRANK by about 87,000 square kilometers (roughly 33,000 square miles) EVERY YEAR.

Sea ice and snow cover are essential because their bright white surfaces tend to be very effective sunlight reflectors. Bounce the sunlight back into space, and the planet stays cooler. But when that melts, you have dark seawater or dark earth that loves to absorb heat, creating a vicious cycle of ever more trapped heat.

This is another one of those landmark studies that show how drastically things are being affected today because of global climate change.

Click Here to read the study: A Holistic Assessment of 1979–2016 Global Cryospheric Extent


Catastrophic Temperature Increases Coming - Despite Promises by World Governments

According to the Paris climate accord, world governments have pledged to limit carbon emissions so that global temperatures won't rise above 1.5 degrees celsius. Unfortunately temperatures have already risen 1.2 degrees celsius above pre-industrial levels and a new report indicates we're on track to hit a potentially catastrophic 2.4 degrees Celsius.

You can read the full report from the Climate Action Tracker, an independent network of scientists that track the commitments governments have made on cutting emissions. Click the link below to read their report.

Climate summit momentum: Paris commitments improved warming estimate to 2.4°C


“Back to normal” puts us back on the path to climate catastrophe
The data is in: The pandemic did nothing to slow climate change.

Click Here to learn the four ways to understand the new "normal" of the climate crisis. https://www.vox.com/22522791/climate-emissions-post-covid

Those reports and studies tell us a few things. First, climate change is real; the data document it happening. Second, it's costing billions of dollars in damages and has been for a while. Third, it's already killing thousands of people a year. It's our job to prepare for what's coming. Videos explaining things in more detail follow.


Climate Change - We are the PROBLEM & the SOLUTION (Animated Infographic)

Climate change is a real and serious issue. In this animated infographic we dive into the science behind human accelerated climate change, how it is affecting our planet, why we need to act on this issue, and how you as an individual can contribute to the solution.


Why Climate Change Denial Still Exists In The U.S.

Despite overwhelming scientific evidence, some American politicians continue to deny that climate change exists, while others question the severity of its impact. But public opinion is shifting, and today even oil and gas companies publicly admit that climate change demands action. So why does climate denialism continue to influence U.S. politics? Here's a look into who is funding the movement, and why denial is mainly a U.S. problem.


The Truth Why Stupid People Think They're Smart


The 1.5˚C Charter

In 2015, 196 heads of state and climate experts agreed in Paris to limit global heating to 1.5˚C, compared to pre-industrial levels. Why? Because exceeding 1.5˚C of warming puts life on earth as we know it at risk. Since then, we’ve heard a lot about how much it will cost to meet this goal, but should we be really talking about the cost of exceeding 1.5˚C?

Scientists from UCL, the University of Exeter and the International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) have the launched the charter to highlight how breaching the 1.5˚C target will cost far more than paying poorer nations to help the global efforts to reach it.

Click Here to learn more about The 1.5˚C Charter: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/climate-change/partnerships/15-degree-charter/15c-charter-cop26-and-beyond

Preparation - Survival

Typically in this section, we provide links to the most reliable sources with checklists of actions you can take. How you can prepare before, survive during and recover after. But with climate change, that's not possible.

To deal with climate change, you need to encourage politicians and corporations to reduce their carbon footprint and stop using fossil fuels. Your vote is essential.

To personally prepare for climate change emergencies, you have to protect yourself from the effects of more dangerous storms. So first, look at how to deal with problems typical in your area like floods, heatwaves, hurricanes, wildfires, etc. Then increase the intensity of what's expected and prepare for new, more extreme scenarios.

Consequences of Climate Change

Good luck.

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This information is presented to make people aware of the larger world around them. If you can prepare for something as devastating as this, you're much more likely to be ready for smaller disruptions. Be aware and prepare.

6/9/2020
Updated 2/11/2021
Updated 6/3/2021
Updated 6/8/2021
Updated 6/17/2021
Updated 6/24/2021